The first part is a discussion of the typical difficulties encountered in the making of commons in general. In the second part he analyses a number of typical problems that the constituent community of the knowledge commons, especially universities, their faculties and students, must face in preventing a “tragedy of the knowledge commons.”
Knjiga je zbirka uvodnih izlaganja na seminaru koji je organizovan od 12. do 15. februara 1968. godine, kao i diskusija, postavljanih pitanja i odgovora. Uvodni tekstovi pokrivaju dominantne teme u kulturi, obrazovanju i nauci u jugoslovenskom samoupravnom drluštvu krajem 60-tih godina.
Izveštaj razmatra odnosn države i zajedničkih dobara. Učesnici radionice zastupaju tezu da država i zajednička dobra mogu plodno da koegzistiraju ako zajednica rekonceptualizuje državu iz perspektive zajedničkog dobra. Država može da podrži zajednička dobra i postkapitalističke oblike upravljanja.
Smatramo da je pitanje dostupnosti i upravljanja vodom, njeno održivo korišćenje i zaštita, političko pitanje na koje neće biti moguće dati odgovor, koji je u skladu sa principima jednakosti i demokratičnosti, bez odgovarajuće analize, vizije i akcije koje u fokus stavljaju potrebe ljudi a ne interese kapitala. Cilj nam je da ovo istraživanje doprinese davanju takvog odgovora.
If 'place' and 'local space' are where the 'tangible solidarities' necessary to build an alternate way of life, and an anti-neoliberal politics, must form, then we cannot avoid confronting the systematic obstacles that have to be overcome in realizing such a project. Claims that sustainable local ecologies can serve as the foundation for political action and social alternatives at least require careful scrutiny.
The text is a critique of commodified reason that will add to the defense of the non-commodified aspects of the academic collective work and its results.
In the first section the book gives a very thorough introduction and analysis of the concept of knowledge as a commons, appropriate for readers of all levels of familiarity with this field. The protection of the knowledge commons is the focus of the second section of the book.
Examining the link between urbanization and capitalism, David Harvey suggests we view Haussmann’s reshaping of Paris and today’s explosive growth of cities as responses to systemic crises of accumulation—and issues a call to democratize the power to shape the urban experience.
Architecture and urban design are usually seen as tools of dominant spatial practices. They are either believed to mask the interests of power and money, or to represent aesthetic concerns that have little to offer for critical theory of space. I counter this view by showing that through rethinking the conception of space in architecture and urban design, as well as the notion of design itself, it is possible to outline a critical and emancipatory design practice, experiential urbanism.
The book is a search for a reconciliation between mental space (the space of the philosophers) and real space (the physical and social spheres in which we all live). In the course of his exploration, Henri Lefebvre moves from metaphysical and ideological considerations of the meaning of space to its experience in the everyday life of home and city.
Derivative rights (like the right to be treated with dignity) should become fundamental and fundamental rights (of private property and the profit rate) should become derivative. But new rights can also be defined: like the right to the city which is not merely a right of access to what the property speculators and state planners define, but an active right to make the city different, to shape it more in accord with our heart's desire, and to re-make ourselves thereby in a different image.
Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action (Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions)
The governance of natural resources used by many individuals in common is an issue of increasing concern to policy analysts. Both state control and privatization of resources have been advocated, but neither the state nor the market have been uniformly successful in solving common pool resource problems. After critiquing the foundations of policy analysis as applied to natural resources, Elinor Ostrom here provides a unique body of empirical data to explore conditions under which common pool resource problems have been satisfactorily or unsatisfactorily solved.
Ovde bih želeo da istražim jedan drugi vid kolektivnog prava – pravo na grad u kontekstu oživljavanja interesovanja za ideje Anrija Lefevra o tom pitanju, kao i pojavu svih vrsta društvenih pokreta širom sveta koji sada traže takvo pravo.
Providing a comprehensive introduction to the diverse ways in which ideas of the commons are being conceptualised and enacted both throughout the social sciences and in practical action, this book foregrounds the commons as an arena for political thought and sets an agenda for future research.
This paper will explore contemporary practices of urban commoning while attempting to construct a theoretical argument on the inherently emancipating potentialities of common space.
By connecting economics, politics and aesthetics and analysing their relations, Hardt arrives at questions concerning the role of the artist and the meaning of his or her work in the distribution of the common.
The article discusses the threats to academic freedom coming from the state and market trying to sketch a theory of academic freedom taking us beyond our need to defend academic work and institutions from these threats.
Forgotten history of the commons in socialist Yugoslavia: A case of self-managed cultural infrastructure in the period of 1960s and 1970s
The article makes a critical step towards a few now already established claims of the chief theoretical protagonists of the commons – Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri1 – who offer a way out from the allegedly false binaries and dilemmas between private or public, state or market, capitalism or socialism.
In this essay, David Harvey argues that the real problem demanding our attention is private property, not the commons itself. The capitalist commons is being continuously enclosed, but it is also being continuously produced. To fulfill our common interests, we need to look to the powers of collective labor to address capitalism's destruction of land and labor resources.
In Ostrom’s central concept of polycentrism, local decision making groups must often be ‘‘nested’’ within state structures at a higher level, so that the higher structures can provide the coercion and other resources that make local negotiation efficient.
The authors develop the theory of the commons by strengthening its link with a Marxist critique of capitalism. In order to do so, they draw parallels between the work of Elinor Ostrom on principles of sustainable governance and Branko Horvat’s theory of self-management developed in the context of socialist Yugoslavia.
Anri Lefebvre u ovom tekstu predlaže transdukciju, ekspermentalnu utopiju kao mentalne postupke za osmišljavanje novog humanizma i novog grada. Pravo na urbani žvot može da stvori samo radnička klasa i za to su joj potrebni politički program urbane reforme i urbanistički projekti.