Jugoslovensko radničko samoupravljanje

2020-11-12T21:52:20+01:00Tags: , , |

Ovo je transkript dela intervjua koji je snimljen u Beogradu 2003. godine.  "Jugoslovensko samoupravljanje je bilo kako društvena, tako i nacionalna laboratorija. U društvenom smislu, to je bio eksperiment nastao pod uticajem raznih ideja: nasleđe Pariske komune, nasleđe srpske socijalne demokratije sa kraja devetnaestog veka, zaostavština anarhije, koja je kasnije bila veoma važna u kritici staljinizma. Idejni sadržaji anarhije i trockizma su bili sastavni elementi ideologije Titove partije, jer su koristili u kritici staljinizma. Sa druge strane, kao što sam već naglasio, sistem jugoslovenskog samoupravljanja je isto tako bio i nacionalna, čak nadnacionalna laboratorija. To je bio režim, u kome su veoma različite nacije mirno živele, gde je funkcionisala nadnacionalna ekonomija, gde je nadnacionalni vođa bio veoma popularan - od Makedonije do Slovenije."

Pravo na grad

2018-06-15T15:08:19+01:00Tags: , , |

Anri Lefebvre u ovom tekstu predlaže transdukciju, ekspermentalnu utopiju kao mentalne postupke za osmišljavanje novog humanizma i novog grada. Pravo na urbani žvot može da stvori samo radnička klasa i za to su joj potrebni politički program urbane reforme i urbanistički projekti.

Sloboda stvaralaštvu

2018-06-15T14:44:35+01:00Tags: |

Tematski broj časopisa Zarez obuhvata niz prevedenih i novih tekstova koji problematizuju slobodu stvaralašta u uslovima marketizacije interneta, kontrole distribucije znanja i proizvoda kreativnih delatnosti i nauke.

“Being in Common” Theorizing Artistic Collaboration

2018-10-16T19:50:27+01:00Tags: , |

Inspired by in-depth interviews with members of the international Brussels dance community and the work of some of the authors associated with autonomous Marxism (P. Virno, A. Negri, G. Agamben), the practice of collaboration within contemporary dance is elucidated from a theoretical point of view. Like other forms of creative or immaterial labour, artistic collaborations mobilize various generic competences and invoke in an often implicit way a cultural common or series of conventions.

The future of the commons

2018-06-15T15:04:10+01:00Tags: , , , , |

In this essay, David Harvey argues that the real problem demanding our attention is private property, not the commons itself. The capitalist commons is being continuously enclosed, but it is also being continuously produced. To fulfill our common interests, we need to look to the powers of collective labor to address capitalism's destruction of land and labor resources.

Commonism. A new aesthetics of the real

2020-11-12T01:05:50+01:00Tags: , , , |

The book explores the ideological thoughts under the notion of the commons and asks how this shapes the reality of our living together. Pays attention to the aesthetic dimension of communism as an ideology: what artistic strategies and what aesthetics do commoners adopt? After half a century of neoliberalism, a new radical, practice-based ideology is making its way from the margins: commonism, with an o in the middle. It is based on the values of sharing, common (intellectual) ownership and new social co-operations. Commoners assert that social relationships can replace money (contract) relationships. They advocate solidarity and they trust in peer-to-peer relationships to develop new ways of production. Commonism maps those new ideological thoughts. How do they work and, especially, what is their aesthetics? How do they shape the reality of our living together? Is there another, more just future imaginable through the commons? What strategies and what aesthetics do commoners adopt? This book explores this new political belief system, alternating between theoretical analysis, wild artistic speculation, inspiring art examples, almost empirical observations and critical reflection.

Taken literarly

2018-06-15T14:37:35+01:00Tags: , |

The authors revisit the evolution of regulation of ownership in the field of intellectual production and housing as two examples of the historical dead-end in which we find ourselves.

Alternativne ekonomije, alternativna društva

2020-11-12T01:08:38+01:00Tags: , , |

Knjiga prati izložbu održanu u Novom Sadu 2005. godine u produkciji kuda.org.  Tematska instalacija “Alternativne ekonomije, alternativna društva” Olivera Roslera se fokusirala na raznolike koncepte i modele alternativnih ekonomija i društava, kojima je zajedničko odbacivanje kapitalističkog sistema vladavine. Za svaki koncept je napravljen po jedan intervju. Partneri u intervjuima su ekonomisti, stručnjaci iz oblasti političkih nauka, autori i istoričari. Iz ovih intervjua je napravljen video zapis na engleskom jeziku. Prateća knjiga obuhvata brojne tekstove napisane oko tema koje je pokrenula izložba.

Performing the common city: On the crossroads of arts, politics and public life

2020-11-12T01:06:24+01:00Tags: , , , |

Pascal Gielen, art theoretician from Belgium, writes about the contemporary city, its shift from the space for the bourgeois class to the current trend of privatisation of public spaces and the role of arts in these processes. His analysis is based on theories and practices of Haussmann, Michel de Certeau, Chantal Mouffe, Saskia Sassen and others, while going through different conceptions of the city  as the common space: from Haussmann's urban structure in 18th century to Florida's creative city to the common city.

Da li bi politika univerzalnog osnovnog dohotka mogla biti primenjiva u Srbiji?

2018-10-16T20:13:59+01:00Tags: , , |

Iako se poslednjih nekoliko godina univerzalni osnovni dohodak (UOD) provlači kroz mejnstrim politike, i dalje nije sasvim jasno o tome šta on podrazumeva i u kojim se okolnostima može smatrati progresivnom politikom. Može li UOD funkcionisati u Srbiji, pogotovo imajući u vidu društvene i ekonomske izazove sa kojima se suočavamo u 21. veku?

Governmental Precarization

2020-11-12T22:30:50+01:00Tags: , , |

Precarisation is one of the central concepts of Lorey's research and writing. In this article she aims at explaining the term further dissecting three dimensions of the precarious: precariousness, precarity, and governmental precarization. Her theoretical contribution is of great importance for understanding the world of "cultural producers" in neoliberal society. 

Forgotten history of the commons in socialist Yugoslavia: A case of self-managed cultural infrastructure in the period of 1960s and 1970s

2018-06-15T15:03:37+01:00Tags: , , |

The article makes a critical step towards a few now already established claims of the chief theoretical protagonists of the commons – Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri1 – who offer a way out from the allegedly false binaries and dilemmas between private or public, state or market, capitalism or socialism.

The dynamism of the new economy: Non-standard employment and access to social security in EU-28

2020-11-12T23:00:56+01:00Tags: , |

This paper examines the prevalence of non-standard workers in EU-28, rules for accessing social security, and these workers’ risk of not being able to access it. It focuses on temporary and part-time workers, and the self-employed, and offers a particularly detailed analysis of their access to unemployment benefits. It focuses on eligibility, adequacy (net income replacement rates) and identifies those workers which are at the greatest risk of either not receiving benefits or receiving low benefits. It offers a special overview of foreign non-standard workers, who may be particularly vulnerable due to the absence of citizenship in the host country. The paper also analyses access to maternity and sickness benefits for these three groups of workers, as well as their access to pensions. Its key contribution is in bringing together the different dimensions of disadvantage that non-standard workers face vis-à-vis access to social protection. This allows us to comprehensively assess the adaptation of national social security systems across EU-28 to the changing world of work over the past 10 years. The paper shows that there is a lot of variation between the Member States, both in the structure of their social security systems, as well as the prevalence of non-standard work. Most notably, the paper concludes that: i) access to unemployment benefits is the most challenging component of welfare state provision for people in non-standard employment; ii) policy reforms vis-à-vis access to social benefits have improved the status of non-standard workers in several countries, while they have worsened it in others, particularly in Bulgaria, Ireland and Latvia; iii) some Eastern European countries can offer lessons to other Member States due to their experiences with labour market challenges during transition and the subsequent adaptations of their social security systems to greater labour market flexibility. The paper also implies that a country’s policy towards nonstandard work cannot be examined in isolation from its labour market conditions, as well as its growth model, and that uniform policy solutions for non-standard work cannot be applied across EU-28.

The precariat. The new dangerous class

2020-11-12T23:33:30+01:00Tags: , , , |

Standing discusses an emerging class of people facing insecurity, moving in and out of precarious work that gives little meaning to their lives. He warns that the growth of the precariat is producing instabilities in society. Its internal divisions have led to the villainization of migrants and other vulnerable groups and some are susceptible to the dangers of political extremism. Standing argues for a new politics which puts the fears and aspirations of the precariat at the heart of a progressive strategy of redistribution and income security. "This book is about a new group in the world, a class-in-the-making. It sets out to answer five questions: What is it? Why should we care about its growth? Why is it growing? Who is entering it? And where is the precariat taking us?"

Alternativno radno zakonodavstvo

2020-11-12T23:26:08+01:00Tags: , , |

Ova studija ima za cilj da pokaže koje alternative postojećem dogmatskom prihvatanju divljeg neoliberalizma i predatorskog kapitalizma u Srbiji postoje, kao i kako se one mogu implementirati kroz izmene radnog zakonodavstva. Prvi deo studije odnosi se na kritičku analizu osnovnih postulata na kojima počivaju nedavne i najavljene buduće izmene propisa. Potom će se u naredna dva dela predstaviti individualna i kolektivna prava zaposlenih, uz predloge konkretnih izmena propisa koje bi mogle dovesti do implementacije alternativnih rešenja za normiranje radnih odnosa. Konačno, u zaključnim razmatranjima će se posvetiti pažnja sintezi svega iznetog u ocenu sistema koji bi potencijalno mogao da funkcioniše kao samostalan i uspešan, u datim okolnostima u Srbiji. Osnovna hipoteza kojom se analiza rukovodi jeste da su alternative trenutnom stanju ne samo moguće (u normativnom i ekonomskom smislu) već i nužne i racionalne, jer aktuelne politike ne mogu održati čak ni trenutno stanje na duži rok. Budući da u trci do dna dno zapravo ne postoji, jer se uvek može otići korak niže od konkurenata u privlačenju investicija, jedini dugoročni plan može biti napuštanje trenutnih odnosa i jačanje kontrolne i socijalne uloge države. U analizi se odlazi i korak dalje pa se osim nužnosti postojanja alternativa, one razvijaju a ponekad i konkretno normativno uobličavaju. Kroz istraživanje se dakle postavljaju pitanja ali se daju i odgovori, koji mogu biti tumačeni i primenjeni u daljoj praksi i politikama u skladu sa individualnim pogledima i stavovima, ali suštinski nude rešenja zasnovana na nekim univerzalnim vrednostima koja predstavljaju civilizacijsko dostignuće, koja se zasnivaju na osnovama ljudskih prava i sloboda i nadogradnji kroz praksu univerzalnih i regionalnih instrumenata i tela, i čija primena niti u jednom trenutku ne sme postati upitna.

O komuni

2020-11-12T01:03:14+01:00Tags: , , |

Neodvojivi deo Kardeljevog stvaralaštva je i njegovo neposredno i stalno teorijsko i praktično angažovanje na pitanjima komune i komunalnog sistema na svim etapama izgradnje i razvoja našeg socijalističkog samoupravnog društva. Polazeći od toga da je komuna socijalistička samoupravna humana zajednica ljudi, složen sistem društvenih odnosa i osnovna društvena zajednica u kojoj radni čovek i građanin može i treba da ostvaruje najveći deo svojih osnovnih interesa, prava, dužnosti i odgovornosti, Kardelj je na svim etapama razvoja jugoslovenskog samoupravnog društva ne samo isticao značaj komune i teorijski objašnjavao pojedine njene aspekte nego upravo aktivno i neposredno radio na razrešavanju svih pitanja i problema u ovoj oblasti. I u prilikama kada su razmatrana druga pitanja i odnosi u društvu i tražena rešenja za druge probleme u razvoju samoupravljanja, on je posebno isticao važnost i značaj rešavanja određenih pitanja u komuni, odnosno polazio od toga da je za ukupan razvoj socijalističkih samoupravnih odnosa u društvu bitno stanje samoupravnih odnosa u komuni. U ovoj knjizi sakupljeni su Kardeljevi radovi o komuni. Termin „radovi” treba uzeti sasvim uslovno. U knjizi su i studije ili njihovi delovi koji se odnose na komunu i sistematizovana i pripremljena izlaganja ili članai i intervjui, ali i mnogi govori i razgovori u različitim prilikama susreta sa ljudima iz opština — na skupovima Stalne konferencije gradova, na sastancima političkih aktiva, sa predstavnicima mesnih zajednica;, u radničkim sredinama, na savetovanjima i seminarima. Opširan predgovor napisao je Živorad Kovačević.

O umjetnosti i socijalizmu

2020-11-12T01:08:06+01:00Tags: , |

William Morris bio je britanski umetnik, arhitekta, dizajner, dekorater, štampar, pesnik, prozni pisac, zanatlija, prevodilac, predavač, politički organizator i socijalista. Za njega je E.P. Thompson napisao da je bio „ prvi kreativni umjetnik visokog kalibra u čitavoj povijesti koji je svjesno i bez trunke kompromisa stao uz revolucionarnu radničku klasu”.  Morris je, prihvativši marksizam, uvideo da su beda i ružnoća sveta koje je toliko mrzeo neodvojive od društvenog i ekonomskog sistema u kojem nastaju, a da je regeneracija umetnosti (i života) fundamentalno političko, a ne isključivo ni prvenstveno umetničko pitanje.

The Making of the Knowledge Commons: From Lobsters to Universities

2018-06-15T14:46:07+01:00Tags: |

The first part is a discussion of the typical difficulties encountered in the making of commons in general. In the second part he analyses a number of typical problems that the constituent community of the knowledge commons, especially universities, their faculties and students, must face in preventing a “tragedy of the knowledge commons.”

Artist at work, Proximity of art and capitalism

2020-11-12T22:02:04+01:00Tags: , , , |

The main affirmation of artistic practice must today happen through thinking about the conditions and the status of the artist's work. Only then can it be revealed that what is a part of the speculations of capital is not art itself, but mostly artistic life. Artist at Work examines the recent changes in the labour of an artist and addresses them from the perspective of performance. It draws its conclusions mainly from the argument that art no longer needs to re-affirm itself as a socially relevant and useful activity because this would lock it within immanent capitalist (and populist) production of value. Instead, art has to rediscover its material basis and 'occupy' exactly those abstractions which enable the preservation of the capitalist system and reproduction of capital. The book would like to remind art – which has constantly thermalized and practiced politics during the last decades – that it has forgotten its power to connect the abilities of the abstract (thinking) with the actual abstractions (value, capital, productivity, money, commodity, time, etc.)

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